Because everyone deserves a loving and caring family, I decided to share this post today about adoption – how to adopt a child in the Philippines? What are the requirements and procedures? If you are a Filipino citizen or an alien (currently not a citizen of the Philippines) who’s interested to adopt or looking for a foster child to raise and to love as a family, this page is for you.
First, I’d like to give the credits and warm thanks to DSWD (Department of Social Welfare and Development) for sharing the requirements and process of adoption in the Philippines. They recently gave free consultation and entertained free inquiries related to adopting a person.
We all know that the DSWD is currently the generous department assigned and given the power to protect and care for the welfare of neglected and abandoned children. This agency is mandated to find suitable permanent home and loving family for those children so they will live a normal and healthy life and relationship.
The requirements and procedures are based on the Domestic Adoption Law (Republic Act 8552) in case you still want to go deeper the complete article and browse its sections. Domestic adoption is also referred as local adoption.
Who can adopt in the Philippines?
According to this Law, any person can adopt provided he or she is a Filipino citizen or alien residing in the Philippines who:
- Is of legal age.
- Is at least 16 years older than adoptee, except when the adopter is the biological parent.
- Has the capacity to act and assume all the rights and duties incident to the exercise of parental authority.
- Is of good moral character and has not been convicted of any crime involving moral turpitude.
- Is in a good position to support, educate and care for his/her legitimate and illegitimate children and the child to be adopted.
- Has undergone the pre-adoption services.
- An alien may adopt if he/she has diplomatic relations with the Philippines, has been certified by his/her diplomatic or consular office or any appropriated agency that he/she is qualified to adopt in his country, and that his/her government will allow the adoption.
- An alien has been living in the Philippines for at least three (3) continuous years prior to the filing of the application for adoption and maintains such residence until the adoption decree is entered
Who can be adopted in the Philippines?
- Any person below 18 who has been administratively or judicially declared available for adoption.
- Legitimate son/daughter of one spouse by the other spouse.
- An illegitimate son/daughter by a qualified adopter/s to improve his/her status to that of legitimacy.
- A person of legal age if, prior to the adoption, said person has been consistently considered and treated by the adopter/s as his/her own child since minority.
- A child whose adoption has been previously rescinded.
- A child whose biological parent/s has died provided that no proceedings shall be initiated within 6 months from the time of death of the said parent/s.
Know more about Domestic Adoption Law in the Philippines by going to R.A. 8552.
Adoption Requirements in the Philippines
If you are a foster parent or a couple interested to adopt a qualified person, you may prepare the following documents.
- Authenticated Birth Certificate
- Authenticated Marriage Certificate
- Written consent to the adoption of the legitimate, adopted or illegitimate children living with the applicant who are aged 10 years old and above.
- Health Certificates of Couple and family members
- NBI Clearance or Police Clearance
- Latest ITR (Income Tax Return) or any proof of income
- Three Character References
- Statement of Acceptance from Designated Guardian
- Latest Family Picture and Home Picture
- Home Study Report
Adoption Process in the Philippines
Step by Step Procedure in Adopting:
- Attendance to Adoption Counseling
- Preparation of Home Study Report
- Approval/Disapproval of application
- Matching or Family Selection
- Pre-placement of the child with the prospective adoptive parents
- Supervised Trial Custody
- Finalization of Child’s Adoption
- Issuance of the Adoption Decree/Certificate of Finality
- Issuance of Amended Birth Certificate
- Provision of Post-Adoptive Services
For inquiries and further details, please contact DSWD at dswd.gov.ph MAY GOD BLESS YOU ALL!
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